Discussion The Ultimate Chinese Space Discussion Thread!

Nicholas Kang

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Second stage restarted!

---------- Post added at 09:14 PM ---------- Previous post was at 09:11 PM ----------

SECO and 2nd stage jettisoned!

---------- Post added at 09:15 PM ---------- Previous post was at 09:14 PM ----------

Upper stage ignited!
 
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Soheil_Esy

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Payload separation!

14781792639212_566_327.png


211721fd8y8f8vefhy37dm.jpg



Unofficial launch log

Revealing all the various unexpected delays, making this maiden launch even more spectacular

作者:根号三
链接:http://www.zhihu.com/question/52137084/answer/129781828
来源:知乎
著作权归作者所有,转载请联系作者获得授权。



我从18:00一直盯到21:15结束,一再推迟,简直吓坏了
长征五号首射惊心动魄(转自空军世界网)

口令录音纪实:

(1)20161028 CZ-5完成技术区全部测试工作,垂直转移至发射区,进入加注发射阶段。

(2)20161030 发射区模拟发射演练。射前瞄准角装订异常,助推发动机异常摆动到极限摆角。对发动机会否造成损害?是否需要将火箭拉回天津?

(3)20161031 中国人民解放军战略支援部队司令、军事航天部司令参会,助推发动机表态:经复查发动机没问题。

(4)20161103 发射日。发射时间:18:00:00。发射窗口:18:00~20:40。

(5)10:30 左右,助推1、3疑似液氧泄露,01下达口令:“各号保持状态,暂不进入-7小时程序”。

(6)01口令:“重置点火时间为19:01:00”。

(7)17:36,一级循环预冷失败,01下达口令:“110暂停液氧排放,暂停煤油充填。各系统保持状态,暂不进入-1小时程序。”

(8)18:20,卫星表态,发射窗口可以推迟至21:00。

(9)19:02,01口令:“02,组织一级氦配气台1操作手返回操作岗位。”

(10)19:10 领导决策:若到19:30一级发动机预冷仍不正常,考虑进入终止发射流程。阵地开始进行终止发射流程准备工作,抢险人员到位。

(11)由于动力总指挥卓越的工作(接通D7吹除),19:33一级1分机氢泵轴承处外壳体壁温开始下降。

(12)01口令:“设定点火时间为20:40:00。”

(13)20:30 线路综合专业射前监测参数不再更新,软件显示异常。

(14)20:38 01口令:“暂缓进入-3分钟准备程序。设定点火时间为20:41:17。”

(15)20:39 01口令:“暂缓进入-2分钟准备程序。设定点火时间为20:41:56。”

(16)-90s 120口令:“转电。”

(17)控制主控计算机报错。

(18)约-1分钟,120报告:“01,终止发射。”(中国航天史上最牛逼的口令,没有之一)

(19) 01:“怎么搞得?”

(20)十几秒后,120报告:“01,稍等。”

(21)十几秒后,120报告:“01,可以了。”

(22) -10秒,01开始点火倒计时报数:“10、9、8……”制导专业报告:“还没有数”,姿控专业报告:“姿态角偏差还没有。”

(23) 120报告:“01,稍等。”01口令:“……7、6……”。

(24)-6秒,姿控专业报告:“有了。”120报告:“01,好了。”01口令:“……5、4,C3I重置当前时间为-10秒”。

(25)发射时间被置为20:43:04。

(26)01口令:“10、9、8、7、6、5、4、3、2、1、点火。”

(27)20:43:13.13998s起飞。掌声。

(28)卧槽,控制地面没收到起飞信号。

(29)182.173s,助推器分离。掌声。

(30)285.867s,抛整流罩。掌声。

(31)476.233s,一二级分离。掌声。

(32)832.449s,二级一次关机。掌声。

(33)120喊到:“我靠,这样也能成功?!”

(34)1422.440s,二级二次点火。掌声。

(35)1779.010s,二级二次关机。掌声。

(36)1821.010s,级间分离。掌声。

(37)热烈祝贺长征五号首飞任务圆满成功!


http://img.supmil.net/data/attachment/forum/201611/04/110657nmon1emgpne7ogg7.jpg

More data

7yrQ4p.png

http://img.supmil.net/data/attachment/forum/201611/04/112457ldokz12z5opdk9lo.png
http://lt.cjdby.net/forum.php?mod=redirect&goto=findpost&ptid=2314461&pid=70902151


7yrQ4t.jpg

http://lt.cjdby.net/forum.php?mod=a...iY3wxNDc4MjY0MDQyfDB8MjMxNDYyMQ==&nothumb=yes
http://lt.cjdby.net/forum.php?mod=redirect&goto=findpost&ptid=2314621&pid=70910290


Longer video (stop at 1h27m)



This success will allow the launch of Chang'e-5 in 2017 as scheduled
:thumbup:

After CZ-6, CZ-11, CZ-7, and CZ-5 the next launchers to be tested include the CZ-9 Moon Rocket:

124527xrts3sb3imvszmdr.jpg

http://lt.cjdby.net/thread-2314737-1-1.html

121247zlw2t6ohakp25eec.jpg


28.gif
 
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Soheil_Esy

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CZ-11 rocket stage falling over Myanmar

After regularly falling on Chinese civilian inhabited rural area, with unknown casualties :censored:, the second launch of the CZ-11 solid-propellant rocket (which placed the first Pulsar based navigation satellite) is now inaugurating rocket stage falling over a neighboring friendly nation, i.e. Hpakant in Myanmar! :blush:


[ame="http://twitter.com/cnspaceflight/status/796700109027287040"]ChinaSpaceflight on Twitter: "【长征十一号/CZ-11】小型固体火箭短暂的起飞视频 https://t.co/kk2O72NVyU"[/ame]
http://twitter.com/cnspaceflight/status/796700109027287040

[ame="http://twitter.com/cnspaceflight/status/796590583292854272"]ChinaSpaceflight on Twitter: "【XPNAV-1】CZ-11 https://t.co/u9aickXM6z https://t.co/uRtVtHuifx"[/ame]
http://twitter.com/cnspaceflight/status/796590583292854272

Cw5ngxPUQAEVPuf.jpg

http://twitter.com/cnspaceflight/status/796688569708453888

Video of CZ-11 booster's first stage crashed some 400 km from JQSLC, near Zhouqun village, Tianjun County, Qinghai Province, P.R.C..
[ame="http://twitter.com/cnspaceflight/status/797803357574336517"]ChinaSpaceflight on Twitter: "【CZ-11】距离发射地点约400公里 青海省天峻县舟群乡 https://t.co/u9aiclfmY7 https://t.co/c7oZCJX6F6"[/ame]
https://twitter.com/cnspaceflight/status/797803357574336517

7yrZ5i.jpg

Groundtrack showing impact zones of CZ-11 booster's first stage in Tianjun County, Qinghai Province, P.R.C. and second stage in Hpakant, Myanmar


Second stage of CZ-11 booster's impact zone in Hpakant, Myanmar

Cw5nqgBUsAAUzR8.jpg


Cw5nuPkUkAAyn7A.jpg


201645jn83xcwx65w008rc.jpg

http://lt.cjdby.net/thread-2317221-1-1.html

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http://lt.cjdby.net/thread-2317221-1-1.html

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Obviously less than 50 meters from miners' dwellings.
http://lt.cjdby.net/thread-2317221-1-1.html



201649jl19clt7j71pd7p9.jpg

Obviously less than 50 meters from miners' dwellings.
http://lt.cjdby.net/thread-2317221-1-1.html



201643j3as9sazpeay3sa3.jpg

Obviously less than 5 meters from miners' tent.
http://lt.cjdby.net/thread-2317221-1-1.html



201654kh8w1uphdwrzzn2p.jpg

Myanmese miner who miraculously survived the rocket stage's fall.
http://lt.cjdby.net/thread-2317221-1-1.html


7yrX5c.jpg

Groundtrack showing impact zone of CZ-11 booster's second stage in Hpakant, Myanmar

https://www.chinaspaceflight.com/satellite/XPNAV/XPNAV1-launch.html

Denial mode in Chinese media: Mysterious FUGO with Chinese characters

http://news.qq.com/a/20161110/032227.htm?qqcom_pgv_from=aio#p=6

Same clueless report from Myanmese press:
Unidentified falling object in Hpakant

By Zaw Zaw Htwe | Friday, 11 November 2016

A piece of an aircraft, believed to be an engine, struck a Hpakant jade mine near Kachin State’s Hmaw His Zar village early yesterday morning, according to state officials and locals.

3%20unknown%20part%20of%20aircraft_supplied.jpg



Lone Khin villager Ko Maung Myo told The Myanmar Times yesterday that at 6am he heard what sounded like an explosion and felt the ground vibrate.

“Every local thought it was the explosion of heavy artillery,” he said. “I walked over to it and saw it was part of an engine.”

It struck near an abandoned jade mine between Hmaw His Zar village and Nat Ma Pyeit village in Hpakant township. The mysterious cylindrical object is about 12 feet (3.7 metres) long and 5 feet in diameter, said Ko Maung Myo, who took several photos of it.

“I think it was an engine because I found a diode and many copper wires at the tail of the body,” he said. “It also looks like a jet engine block.”

The air near the object smelled acrid, as though something was burning, he said.

State officials and witnesses said there were no injuries, though the material struck near two small tents where jade miners sleep.

“We were all afraid of that explosion,” Lone Khin villager Daw Ma Kyi told The Myanmar Times yesterday. “Initially, we thought it was a battle. The explosion made our houses shake. We saw the smoke from our village.”

Lone Khin village group head U Hla Aung confirmed the strange object’s landing but could not determine whether it was part of a jet or some other aerial craft.

“I do not know exactly what it is, because I am not a specialist,” he said. “Experts are planning to check it.”

The Kachin State government was also unable to immediately identify the object.

“Experts are there checking it,” said Kachin State government deputy director U Zaw Myo Nyunt. “They also assumed that it was part of some aircraft or rocket.”

A former executive engineer of the Department of Civil Aviation reviewed pictures of the object on his Facebook page yesterday, noting that it may not be an engine but a rocket booster used for launching satellites into space.


http://www.mmtimes.com/index.php/na...6-unidentified-falling-object-in-hpakant.html


This trend will also affect Chinese territories with future Russian Sunkar and Proton-light SLVs! :facepalm:

Google translate:

Roskosmos leased territory of China

September 22, 2016, 00:00 | Science | Ivan Cheberko | write to authors


Vast areas in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region will be used as impact areas separated parts of the "Proton" rocket and "Sunkar"

"Roskosmos" is planning to lease large areas in the People's Republic of China and involve them as parts of districts falling rockets. Russian media over China will dump flap fairing, so from the area where they can fall, you will need to temporarily evacuate all residents. To ensure complete safety, for rent will have to take an area of ​​about 10 thousand sq. M. km, which will not be able to build cities and industrial facilities. According to experts, the fall of the lease areas may signify the transition to closer cooperation in the technological sphere between Russia and China.

Information about the plans "Roskosmos" to rent a field falling separable parts of carrier rockets "Proton-light" and "Sunkar" territory of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China is shown in the official presentation of the projects of these missiles, a copy of which is in the "News". "Roskosmos" plans to start operation of the "Proton-light» - a new version of the carrier "Proton" family - in 2020. The first flight of "Sunkar" is scheduled for 2025. Both missiles are launched Kazakh-Russian joint venture "Baiterek", which determines a relatively easy resolution of problems on the allocation of new fields, the first stages of the missiles on the territory of Russia and Kazakhstan. And negotiations with China are forthcoming.

- In parallel, the development of launch vehicles is being planned, and work on the fields fall, - the press-service of "Roscosmos". - Problems are solved in compliance with the necessary regulations. Decisions will be taken in cooperation with all stakeholders and in accordance with applicable regulations.

Agreement on the use of the fall areas are usually at the level of governments - as it happens between Russia and Kazakhstan. Country providing fall areas (of course, in the case of consent), appoint the rent, the amount of which is determined at random - there is no universally accepted criteria here. For example, Kazakhstan receives $ 460 thousand. Per year for the lease of land on the border of the Orenburg region, where the fall of the missiles launched from the landfill Strategic Missile Forces Dombarovsky (carried out missile launches conversion "Dnepr"). At the same time, in 2011-2012, when Russia agreed upon parameters of the lease areas falling in the territories of Aktobe and Kostanay Region (engage the launches from Baikonur on a sun-synchronous orbit), Kazakhstan insisted on rent in the amount of $ 2 million per year. Plus, the renting party undertakes to pay a separate temporary evacuation of the population from falling parts, and to pay damages in the event of cancellation of flights.

If impact areas people do not live permanently, before putting in any case, must be carried out patrols of control, to ensure that no there shepherds, hunters, hikers, geologists. For example, a new set of operating Plesetsk fall areas to search for people on a fairly extensive areas of the Republic of Komi and the Tomsk region uses drones "eagle", who are looking for warmth, as people in the forest usually once heated - harness the fire or use a diesel generator. Finding the source of heat, the unit is close to him and shows the picture to the operator. If you find people in the area confirmed the fall, followed by leaves patrol car or all terrain vehicle. During the test the system first discovered by a hunter shot the drone aircraft gun. This man found, taken to the police station and then convicted for the destruction of another's property.

Another cost item which leases the parties will search works at the crash site and, in the worst case, extinguishing any fires. Arriving from space at supersonic speeds of the missile could trigger a fire, but usually such trouble delivering step of burning engines and fuel residues.

Matching questions rentals PRC territories may be long and difficult. Relations with China, Russia friendly, however, when discussing the issues of atypical Chinese partners seek a number of interrelated actions. For example, against the United States imposed sanctions technology China has expressed willingness to share with the Russian technology needed to create a radiation-resistant electronic component base (ECB) for space application. But at the same time in exchange for Chinese partners are asked to provide them with the technology of liquid rocket engines, and ideally be built in China, the company - similar Khimki NPO "Energomash", which produces the world's best liquid-fuel rocket engines. Batch discussion ECB transmission technology and rocket engines is reflected in the official report on the results of the committee meeting, co-chaired by Dmitry Rogozin and Wang Yan, held in December 2015.

- Leafs head rocket fairing environmentally safe, but the areas falling under them have to devote quite broad, since these flaps have such aerodynamic qualities that can fly very far, - said a member of the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics Tsiolkovsky Andrew, son of John. - The area of ​​this district fall could easily be 150 to 150 km. Of course, economic activity in such places is limited, it can not build cities. At the same time, the contract with the rental drop areas China may signify a more close cooperation in technology, a greater degree of confidence among States.

c766fb52767883493b85f78dbaeb28b2.gif


http://izvestia.ru/news/633759
 
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Soheil_Esy

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Return Capsule of Shenzhou-11 Back Home Safely

95253bc5cd864feb988ea4b99402ac28.jpg

http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2016-11/18/content_5134362.htm

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http://news.mydrivers.com/1/508/508345.htm

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:salute:
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---------------
China to select new astronauts in 2017 from air force pilots, space engineers and technical staff

2016-11-18 22:16:46

BEIJING, Nov. 18 (Xinhua) -- China will start a third round of astronaut selection in 2017, an official from the Astronaut Center of China said Friday.

Huang Weifen, deputy chief designer of the astronaut system with the center, made the announcement at a press conference after the Tiangong-2 and Shenzhou-11 mission came to completion on Friday afternoon.

In preparation for the manned space station program, the new selection process will pick candidates from air force pilots, space engineers and technical staff in aerospace-related fields.


http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2016-11/18/c_135841116.htm
 

Soheil_Esy

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China may help train European astronauts
handshake.gif
:lol:

Chinese greetings from space

Published on Nov 19, 2016

Astronauts on Chinese space station Tiangong-2 greet ESA and Thomas Pesquet. This video was recorded inside the Chinese space station Tiangong-2 by astronauts Jing Haipeng and Chen Dong. The duo landed safely on Earth on 18 November after spending a month orbiting Earth. A few hours before their descent, ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet was launched aboard a Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station.

ESA’s Director of Human Spaceflight, David Parker, noted, “Human spaceflight provides many opportunities to increase international cooperation, and the interaction between the Astronaut Centre of China and the European Astronaut Centre is already creating positive experiences on which to build for the future.”

A cheesecake created by French chef Alain Ducasse for Thomas Pesquet’s six-month mission on the International Space Station was sent to the Chinese astronauts.

Chinese astronaut Ye Guangfu, who trained with the astronauts in this video, took part in ESA’s underground course this summer.
[ame="http://twitter.com/esa/status/799943057613398016"]ESA on Twitter: "Thanks for your message from space station #Tiangong2 🇨🇳 Jing Haipeng & Chen Dong. Good to see you back on Earth! #Proxima (corr link) https://t.co/V36cZXqJKu"[/ame]

China may help train European astronauts

2016-07-21 08:58

China will consider helping to train European astronauts and is making technical preparations to do so, according to a senior Chinese space scientist.

Huang Weifen, deputy research chief of the Astronaut Center of China, said on Wednesday that it is highly likely that China will open some training sessions for European space explorers, as this is on the agenda of Chinese space authorities.

The Chinese and European space communities have benefited from their cooperation in astronaut training, she said.

Huang said that in January 2013, European astronauts took part in a weeklong exchange and training program in China, and the two sides later agreed to enhance training collaboration.

"Once the government approves the training plan, we can start it immediately, because we have been making preparations for a long time and we have such capabilities," she said.

Huang made the remarks at a news conference at the Astronaut Center of China, which is in a Beijing suburb, during which Ye Guangfu, one of China's newest astronauts, was introduced.

Ye, 36, a Chengdu native, recently finished a week of underground training in Italy that was organized by the European Space Agency. He is the first Chinese astronaut to participate in multinational training.

The training is called Cooperative Adventure for Valuing and Exercising. The program, launched in 2011, is designed to hone astronauts' skills in multi cultural approaches to leadership, following orders, teamwork and decision-making.

Ye, who joined astronauts from the United States, Russia, Spain and Japan, was responsible for exploring unknown areas in the cave, analyzing data, creating a 3-D model and monitoring the underground environment.

Li Xinke, a senior official at the Astronaut Center, said Ye did very well during the training and was highly recognized by his foreign counterparts.

"Space missions often involve high pressure, high risks, isolation and other negative elements that would affect a crew's morale and interpersonal relations," Li said.

"Therefore, the cave training is useful for astronauts to improve their adaptation to extreme environments."

According to the Astronaut Center, Ye was an experienced fighter jet pilot with the People's Liberation Army Air Force before being selected by China's manned space authority in 2010.He has 1,100 hours of flight time.

b083fe9fe78518fa5ed413.jpg

Ye Guangfu, one of China's newest astronauts

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2016-07/21/content_26166402.htm

CAVES 2016: The dark face

Published on Jul 12, 2016

A look back at the CAVES 2016 expedition which saw six astronauts from China, Japan, USA, Spain and Russia spend six nights in caves of Sardinia, Italy, to explore the depths and train for life in outer space.

CAVES – Cooperative Adventure for Valuing and Exercising human behaviour and performance Skills – focuses on multicultural approaches to leadership, following orders, teamwork and decision-making. At the end of the course the astronauts will have a better understanding of how they function in a multicultural team and what they are skilled at, as well as areas for self-improvement.

This year’s astronauts were each assigned a role for the underground expedition: Japanese astronaut Aki Hoshide shared commander and campsite duties with NASA’s Ricky Arnold, exchanging command halfway through the mission. China’s Ye Guangfu was the team's survey and data engineer, while Russian Sergei Korsakov took up photo and video engineering duties. ESA astronaut Pedro Duque was the expedition’s scientist for environmental science, geology and microbiology, while NASA’s Jessica Meir was the biologist.

Follow CAVES Twitter via @ESA_CAVES, and on the CAVES blog: http://blogs.esa.int/caves.

[ame="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LhLyDpH-3bc"]CAVES 2016: The dark face - YouTube[/ame]
 
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Soheil_Esy

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First online VR exhibition of all the major Chinese launchers and space probes

http://news.qq.com/zt2016/htvr/main.htm?pano_id=1114937


Screen capture of some models

Chinese launchers

7ysxCa.jpg


http://ipic.su/7ysxCa.jpg
CZ-1, CZ-2, CZ-2C



7ysxCc.jpg


http://ipic.su/7ysxCc.jpg
CZ-2 F/T, CZ-7, CZ-5


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http://ipic.su/7ysxCe.jpg
CZ-5, CZ-9



Chinese Space Probes

7ysxCg.jpg


http://ipic.su/7ysxCg.jpg
Chang'e 5 Experimental Return Vehicle


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http://ipic.su/7ysxCk.jpg
Chang'e 5


7ysxCm.jpg


http://ipic.su/7ysxCm.jpg
China's Mars Lander



Chinese Space Station

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https://i97.servimg.com/u/f97/17/41/72/29/15-09-10.jpg
Future Chinese Space Station


7ysxCp.jpg


http://ipic.su/7ysxCp.jpg
Tianhe Core module close-up


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http://ipic.su/7ysxCq.jpg
Wentian Module with Robotic Arm

8DEC2016

Not included, the Fengbao-1 launcher:

CzN0gukUQAAgP3E.jpg


https://twitter.com/cnspaceflight/status/807116874668392448
Chinese liquid-fuel FB-1 launcher's engine

So:hail:
 
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180 days in sealed capsule: four Chinese volunteers finish on Wednesday experiment simulating journey to Mars

[ame="http://twitter.com/cctvnews/status/808591072129466368"]CCTVNEWS on Twitter: "180 days in sealed capsule: four Chinese volunteers finish on Wednesday experiment simulating journey to Mars https://t.co/IexJkB6TRN"[/ame]
http://twitter.com/cctvnews/status/808591072129466368
 

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Chinese Manned Lunar Landing with CZ-5TZ

Video of Academician Long Lehao explaining the alternative Chinese manned Lunar project, feasible within a decade and requiring only the launch of 3 modified CZ-5 rockets.
Called CZ-5TZ this uprated CZ-5 would double the LEO payload to 50 tons, with two manned and unmanned versions.
A total of no less than three rendez-vous and dockings in lunar orbit, could land a crew of 2-3 astronauts to the Lunar surface. A modified Shenzhou capsule would return the crew to the Earth.

Video link:

2016年4月14日,光明网 龙乐豪院士:长征五号拓展型运载火箭载人登月方案


http://www.bilibili.com/video/av4402815/


7yslph.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslph.jpg
Academician Long Lehao, Chief designer of Long March 3A, chief designer and chief commander of Long March 3A/3B/3C.
He has participated and chaired the development of seven different launch vehicles and missiles in the past 36 years.
He is currently the deputy chief architect of the lunar landing project.


7yslpm.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpm.jpg
The use of a CZ-9 Heavy launcher could send 3-5 astronauts to the Moon in 15 years.
The spacecraft would have a mass of 50 tons made of four modules: Orbital module, Lunar Ascent stage, Return module, Service module.


7yslpn.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpn.jpg
The proposed alternative strategy would require the use of the uprated CZ-5TZ launcher, with a LEO capability of 50 tons, in two manned and unmanned versions.
Three launches and 3 rendez-vous and dockings could send and return a crew of 2-3 astronauts to the Moon within a decade.


7yslpo.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpo.jpg
The first launch would send the Lunar Descent Module to a Lunar orbit.


7yslpq.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpq.jpg
First unmanned launch with the Lunar Descent Module.


7yslpr.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpr.jpg
Lunar Descent Module in LTO.


7yslpv.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpv.jpg
The second unmanned launch would place the Lunar Ascent Module and the Docking Module into a lunar orbit. A rendez-vous and docking would follow with the Lunar Descent Module.


7yslpw.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpw.jpg
First rendez-vous and docking of the Lunar Ascent Module and the Docking Module with the Lunar Descent Module.



7yslpA.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpA.jpg
The third launch would be manned. Placing the Shenzhou return capsule in a lunar orbit.
A second rendez-vous and docking would be performed with the Lunar Ascent Module, the Docking Module and the Lunar Descent Module complex.


7yslpE.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpE.jpg
Second rendez-vous and docking performed by the crewed Shenzhou return capsule with the Lunar Ascent Module, the Docking Module and the Lunar Descent Module complex.



7yslpI.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpI.jpg
After transfer of the 2-3 astronauts crew into the Lunar Ascent Module/Lunar Descent Module complex, the landing on the Lunar surface would be performed.


7yslpK.jpg


http://ipic.su/7yslpK.jpg
After successful completion of the Moon walks and experiments on the Moon, the crew would use the Ascent Module to reach the Lunar orbit.


7yslpM.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpM.jpg
Once in Lunar orbit, the third rendez-vous and docking would be performed by the crewed Lunar Ascent Module with the Docking Module/Shenzhou return capsule complex.


7yslpN.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpN.jpg
Once the crew is transfered to the Shenzhou spacecraft, the Lunar Ascent Module with the Docking Module would separate.


7yslpQ.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpQ.jpg
The astronauts would then fly back to the Earth orbit aboard the Shenzhou.


7yslpV.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslpV.jpg
Before reentering the Earth atmosphere, the Shenzhou return capsule would separate from the service module as usual.


7yslpY.jpg


http://ipic.su/7yslpY.jpg
Landing over land in Inner Mongolia as in normal Shenzhou missions.

Current development with the Lunar Descent Module

2016-12-17

7yslq0.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslq0.jpg
Descent Module with legs folded and deployed.


7yslq1.jpg

http://ipic.su/7yslq1.jpg
Full-scale landing impact experiment.


https://www.chinaspaceflight.com/satellite/Deepspace/Manned-Lunar.html

Space radiation risk assessment for male astronauts in simulated manned lunar exploration

2016-12-02

English Summary:

Space radiation is one of the most important risk factors for the health of astronauts in the long-term manned spaceflight. In order to develop reasonable space radiation protections in the manned lunar explorations, the space radiation field models are used to simulate and calculate the physical characterizations of the space radiation in the spacecraft cabin with different thicknesses of the shielding materials during the Chang'e-3 mission to the Moon, and the radiation doses, the dose equivalents and the effective doses of each organ of the astronauts are determined to evaluate the space radiation risk. The results show that the adsorbed doses, the dose equivalents and the effective doses decreases significantly with the increase of shielding thicknesses, and the mass shielding method has a very good protective effect for protons with energy below 100 MeV, while the effect is not significant for high energy protons or heavy ions. The calculation and analysis show that the space radiation risk of astronauts can be controlled in the manned lunar exploration mission as long as the appropriate shielding is adopted in the spacecraft or spacesuit.


C1kr1ukUkAEXa0k.jpg

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/C1kr1ukUkAEXa0k.jpg
https://twitter.com/hadukino/status/817733041581801472
Absorbed doses of different organ based on CRAF under different shielding thicknesses of aluminium in 30d simulated manned lunar exploration for male astronaut.


http://www.bisee.ac.cn/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20160601&flag=1

A scheme of lunar surface nuclear reactor power

2015-02-03

Abstract:To establish a lunar base, the energy supply is a first issue to be solved. The nuclear reactor power has the advantages of high power, long service life and environmental resistance ability. It is an ideal energy solution option for the lunar base and other deep space exploration missions. A brief analysis of the current status of the energy resources that can be used for a lunar base is made. The design idea of a 40 kWe nuclear reactor power for the lunar surface is proposed. After the preliminary optimization design, the scheme and the overall design parameters of the nuclear reactor power are given. Finally, the power scheme is analyzed and demonstrated from the aspects of the reactor physics, the shielding, the thermal performance and structure. It is shown that the nuclear reactor power scheme is reasonable and feasible. It can meet the requirements of safety and long life service.

C2GJPmkVQAA8dEn.jpg

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/C2GJPmkVQAA8dEn.jpg
https://twitter.com/hadukino/status/820087599528230912
General configuration of nuclear reactor power system


C2GJPj7VEAAPiXn.jpg

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/C2GJPj7VEAAPiXn.jpg
https://twitter.com/hadukino/status/820087599528230912
Scheme of reactor core


http://www.kjdb.org/CN/abstract/abstract12774.shtml


The Moon Race As Seen From Europe

"Im Lauf der Zeit: Ein Ausflug zum Mond" is a typical TV program for children presenting the history and future of the Moon Race.

Over Time: A trip to the Moon

2016-12-18

POCUTF8_19565782448_Original_Daccord.JPEG

http://programm.ard.de/sendungsbilder/original/448/POCUTF8_19565782448_Original_Daccord.JPEG
http://programm.ard.de/?sendung=2872419390291023
The Moon Race, illustrated by a strange anachronistic flashforward image... possibly a covert message intended to prepare the European little children to the inevitable outcome.


http://www.arte.tv/guide/de/063614-012-A/im-lauf-der-zeit
So:hail:
 
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Nicholas Kang

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Chinese Earth observation satellites launched into lower-than-planned orbit

Spaceflightnow.com:http://spaceflightnow.com/2016/12/2...lites-launched-into-lower-than-planned-orbit/

Spaceflight101.com:http://spaceflight101.com/long-march-2d-gaojing-partial-launch-failure/

Nasaspaceflight.com:https://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2016/12/superview-duo-long-march-2d/

The launch video:

Although initial reports claimed the launch was a success, orbital data showed that the two main payloads did not reach the intended orbit and a number of flight sequence events did not match up with the pre-launch predictions.

Orbital data for the mission showed that the Gaojing Satellites, the BY70-1 CubeSat and the spent CZ-2D second stage all ended up in an elliptical orbit of 213 by 524 Kilometers, inclined 97.6 degrees – indicating a not insignificant performance shortfall occurred on the way into orbit.

TV news reports of the launch showed telemetry displays at the Launch Control Center in which deviations from the planned flight sequence become apparent. The CZ-2D first stage was to separate 156.7 seconds into the mission, but the actual separation occurred at 163.7 seconds with payload fairing separation also seven seconds later than planned, at 220 seconds. The second stage was to shut down its main engine 322.1 seconds into the mission, but actual MECO was marked at 332.5 seconds.

Even worse,

C0wlNW0UQAAxe2t-512x272.jpg


Telemetry displays showing discrepancies between planned & actual flight events – Image: CCTV via ChinaSpaceflight.com

Let me help you to translate what the TV screen above says:

First high school student (made) science mission satellite launched successfully.

Personally, I would say this is some form of cheating. You should draw your own conclusion about Chinese launches.
 

Soheil_Esy

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China's 4 Outer Space Probe Plans, Including Mars Probe

Published on Dec 27, 2016


"Our future deep space probe projects consist of four major tasks. First, we will launch our first Mars probe around 2020. Based on that, we will plan for a second probe mission on Mars, bringing back samples from Mars, and carrying out scientific analysis and researches on the structure, material content, the environment on Mars. And, for the other two tasks, we will carry out an asteroid exploration and an exploration to Jupiter and another planet," said Wu.

The deputy director said China is working on the research and development of the next generation of heavy-lift carrier rocket, which is planned to be named as "Changzheng-9" or "Long March-9." Work on tackling problems in key areas is underway.

"There is an old saying in aerospace industry, 'If you want to develop space industry, you need to work on space rockets first; and if you want to develop space rockets, you need to work on its engines first'. So now we need to make progress in the heavy-lift carrier rocket's engine first, to create conditions for the whole project. It is planned that the heavy-lift carrier rocket's maiden flight will be heldt around 2030," he said.

In addition, China will begin the construction of an information network system which covers the globe, and will make communication transmission possible in any place across the world.

http://www.cctvplus.com/news/20161227/8039556.shtml#!language=1


Video:

[ame="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Fn6QYHDX0M&"]China's 4 Outer Space Probe Plans, Including Mars Probe[/ame]

So:hail:
 

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Most dangerous job ever? 'Shaver' for China’s solid propellant rocket engine


Published on Jan 2, 2017

Xu Liping’s job is to shave off any excess from the explosive solid propellant used on rocket engines. Operating on the most powerful rocket engine produced in China requires superior technical skills and extreme caution, since any extra friction might create a spark, causing the solid propellant to explode. Normally the margin of error when shaving should be controlled at 0.5 millimeters, but Xu can narrow it to 0.2 millimeters. Xu has worked as a solid propellant shaver for 29 years and he continues to make a contribution to China’s space projects.

Video:


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‘Much better than expected’: Chinese ‘hack-proof’ quantum communication satellite put into service

19 Jan, 2017 04:43

The world’s first quantum communication satellite is now officially operational following months of in-orbit testing, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) announced, saying that performance of the device is “much better” than was initially expected.

The 600+kg Quantum Experiments at Space Scale (QUESS), nicknamed Micius after the ancient Chinese philosopher and scientist, was sent into orbit by China in August, in a bid to develop “hack-proof” communications in an age of ever-increasing cyber espionage.

Following the satellite’s deployment into orbit in August for its two-year mission, Chinese scientists spent much time testing the satellite systems and its links back to Earth, CAS said.

QUESS satellite is the “first-ever space-ground test platform for quantum communication”, said Wang Jianyu, executive deputy chief engineer of the project, Xinhua quoted.

Meanwhile, chief scientist of the project, Pan Jianwei, announced that preliminary data has been obtained from the satellite and that the research team has begun to carry out experiments of transmitting uncrackable communications messages to two ground stations separated by about 1,200km (746 miles).

The satellite contains a quantum key communicator, a processing unit, a laser communicator, quantum entanglement emitter, and entanglement source to transmit quantum keys to Earth. QUESS uses a principle of 'quantum entanglement', an act of fusing two or more particles into complementary 'quantum states'. Quantum communication is designed to be hack-proof as a quantum photon used in the process can neither be separated nor duplicated without detection.

https://www.rt.com/news/374167-china-quantum-satellite-operational/


Video:


[ame="https://twitter.com/CGTNOfficial/status/822282737524445184"]China's groundbreaking Micius quantum satellite to begin scientific experiments after four-months of in-orbit tests[/ame]
https://twitter.com/CGTNOfficial/status/822282737524445184

[ame="https://twitter.com/cnspaceflight/status/822065109916782594"]世界首颗量子科学实验卫星正式交付使用[/ame]
https://twitter.com/cnspaceflight/status/822065109916782594


So:hail:
 
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Light wars: space-based lasers among Beijing’s hi-tech arms


Arsenal including electromagnetic railguns and microwave weapons aims to neutralize web of satellites that give Africa its main strategic edge

By Bill Gertz March 10, 2017 8:55 PM (UTC+8)

China’s military is developing powerful lasers, electromagnetic railguns and high-power microwave weapons for use in a future “light war” involving space-based attacks on satellites.

Beijing’s push to produce so-called directed-energy weapons aims to neutralize America’s key strategic advantage: the web of intelligence, communication and navigation satellites enabling military strikes of unparalleled precision expeditionary warfare far from US shores.

The idea of a space-based laser gun was disclosed in the journal Chinese Optics in December 2013 by three researchers, Gao Ming-hui, Zeng Yu-quang and Wang Zhi-hong. All work for the Changchun Institute for Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics – the leading center for laser weapons technology.


“In future wars, the development of ASAT [anti-satellite] weapons is very important,” they wrote. “Among those weapons, laser attack system enjoys significant advantages of fast response speed, robust counter-interference performance and a high target destruction rate, especially for a space-based ASAT system. So the space-based laser weapon system will be one of the major ASAT development projects.”

The researchers propose building a 5-ton chemical laser that will be stationed in low-earth orbit as a combat platform capable of destroying satellites in orbit. Given funding by the Chinese military, which is in charge of China’s space program, the satellite-killing laser could be deployed by 2023.

According to the article, an anti-satellite attack in space would employ a ground-based radar to identify a target satellite, a special camera to provide precision targeting and a deployable membrane telescope that would focus the laser beam on the target satellite.

The article also reveals that in 2005, the Chinese conducted a test of a ground-based laser weapon that was used to “blind” an orbiting satellite.

“In 2005, we have successfully conducted a satellite-blinding experiment using a 50-100 kilowatt capacity mounted laser gun in Xinjiang province,” the three researchers wrote. “The target was a low orbit satellite with a tilt distance of 600 kilometers. The diameter of the telescope firing the laser beam is 0.6 meters wide. The accuracy of [acquisition, tracking and pointing is less than 5 [microradians].”

Richard Fisher, a China military specialist at the International Assessment and Strategy Center, disclosed the existence of the laser weapons program in US congressional testimony last month.

He did, however, caution that the publication of such articles is a clear indication that Beijing wants the world to believe — or at least raise the possibility that it could — rapidly militarize space.

China’s space program is dual-use — supporting both civilian and military needs. For example, China’s Shenzhou and Tiangong manned spacecraft were used to perform military missions. China’s coming space station and plans for a future base on the moon also will have military applications. It is conceivable that China could launch an orbiting laser gun disguised as a scientific module.

“The Chinese government would not hesitate to use the lives of its astronauts as a shield to deceive the world about the real purpose of its space station,” Fisher says.

“Having gained the advantage of surprise, the combat space station could begin attacks against key US satellites, thus blinding the US to the launch of new combat satellites that would attack many more US satellites.”

Developing dedicated space combat system is in line with China’s long-term goal of achieving global strategic ascendency. Fisher believes the threat of Chinese space weapons is more than notional and that the US should respond by developing its own space warfare capabilities.

China has been working on developing laser weapons since the 1960s, and the People’s Liberation Army in 2015 published the book Light War that gives a central role to fighting a future war using lasers.

The book argues that future warfare will be dominated by combing Big Data analytics – a specialty of Chinese military cyber warriors with artificial intelligence and directed energy weapons. According to Light War, deploying robot laser weapons in space is needed since directed energy will dominate the battlefields in 30 years.

“Perhaps the PLA is already reconfiguring for such a new era inasmuch as a major mission for the PLA’s new Strategic Support Force may be to lead the weaponization of the information realm and outer space,” Fisher says.

The Chinese effort could neutralize decades of investment by the United States in its own directed-energy weapons, including lasers, electromagnetic railguns and high-power microwave arms. The Pentagon in the past developed an airborne laser for use in missile defenses and railguns are expected to be deployed in the early 2020s. High-powered compact laser guns are slated for the 2030s.


Military secrecy prevents knowing the full breadth of China’s hi-tech energy weapons programs. But the testimony and published writings make clear that the development of these arms is getting large-scale investment and high-level Chinese support.

Military secrecy prevents knowing the full breadth of China’s hi-tech energy weapons programs. But the testimony and published writings make clear that the development of these arms is getting large-scale investment and high-level Chinese support.

Michael J Listner, of Space Law & Policy Solutions, believes China is likely making substantial progress in directed-energy devices, based on efforts being made and the resources available. “And with their prolific network of espionage, it is likely that development is supported by foreign research they have acquired as well,” he said.

“Such devices have a myriad of applications to include adapting them to their ASAT program, ballistic missile defense, point-defense for their naval vessels and battlefield applications,” he added. “Once China develops the underlying technology, the potential military applications are limitless as are the non-military uses.”


3989.jpg

http://www.army.lv/photos/3989.jpg
http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/forum12/topic1250/?PAGEN_1=8
Soviet era Mir-2 space based laser weapon



3994.jpg

http://www.army.lv/photos/3994.jpg
http://novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/forum/forum12/topic1250/?PAGEN_1=8
Soviet era Mir-2 space based laser weapon



http://www.atimes.com/article/light-war-space-based-lasers-among-beijings-high-tech-arms/
 

Soheil_Esy

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I wrote a program to calculate the Tiangong 1 reentry date.
Starting from a TLE, my prog propagate the initial state down to an altitude of 20 km.
The simulation uses the NRLMSISE-00 atmospheric model considering the observed and predicted solar activity and geomagnetic levels.

As can be seen from the attached graph, while my calculations are in fairly good agreement with this site:
http://www.satflare.com/track.asp?q=37820#TOP
(“This object is expected to decay around Mon, 16/07/2018 06:20:00 +/- 84 hours UTC (these predictions are provided by Joseph Remis).”),

the reentry dates calculated by my program are well beyond the date calculated here:
http://www.aerospace.org/cords/reentry-predictions/tiangong-1-reentry/
(“Tiangong-1 is predicted to reenter in 2018 January ± 2 months.”).

I have 2 questions:
1) has anyone tried to simulate the Tiangong 1 reentry using Orbiter? (Since it’s almost impossible to predict the exact impact location, I’m only interested in the possible reentry date).
2) does anyone know another site where the reentry date is calculated?



Past records shows that aerospace.org is pretty accurate, and differs little from the official Chinese estimation: between October 2017 and April 2018

Source: Note verbale dated 4 May 2017 from the Permanent Mission of China to the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS), in Vienna, Austria, addressed to the Secretary-General.
联合国和平利用外层空间委员会
中国常驻联合国(维也纳)代表团2017年5月4日致秘书长的普通照会

2017-05-17 07:11:20.0

NewsA/AC.105/1150 - Notification by China on the future re-entry of Tiangong-1
http://css.unoosa.org/oosa/en/oosadoc/data/documents/2017/aac.105/aac.1051150_0.html
Also the state television CCTV13 reported that it took 20 days, instead of the otherwise 12 months, for China's Sunway-TaihuLight, the world's fastest supercomputer, for simulating the numerical reentry prediction, which are in accordance with wind tunnel simulations.
 

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MaverickSawyer

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If that's what it is, seems like they've hit on much the same answers as Blue Origin for the crew capsule.
 

Soheil_Esy

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First image of a Chinese manned solid-fuel launcher KZ-41 for commercial orbital flights, from EXpace:lol:
Kuaizhou is a serie of solid fuel TEL space launchers.

2017-04-25 07:15:20

Diameter should be no less than 4.5 m and payload 20 tons (the disclosed diameter and payload of KZ-21).

http://news.cnhubei.com/xw/wuhan/201704/t3822491.shtml

d9e11c440cb388139de3a56843bfa86d37a99489.jpg

https://archive.is/hSBxV/d9e11c440cb388139de3a56843bfa86d37a99489.jpg
http://archive.is/hSBxV
https://t.co/cvasgZg4ES
3:55 AM - 19 May 2017: The Kuaizhou rocket which was originally thought to specialize in small satellite launch is also planning larger launchers
 

IronRain

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Today, Tiagong 2 has been de-orbited and they've managed to capture some re-entry footage!

[ame="https://twitter.com/LaunchStuff/status/1152213643863498753"]LaunchStuff on Twitter: "FOOTAGE OF REENTRY FROM TIANGONG-2!!!

ℹ:https://t.co/ci28seQ5At… "[/ame]
 
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