ISS orientation

MaxBuzz

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The ISS always has one side facing the Earth. For the same reason as the moon. That is, the period of revolution around its own axis is equal to the period of revolution around the Earth. (e.g. the Cupola module always points to the Earth)
what value of rotation along the axis should be set in Orbiter?
 

DaveS

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The ISS always has one side facing the Earth. For the same reason as the moon. That is, the period of revolution around its own axis is equal to the period of revolution around the Earth. (e.g. the Cupola module always points to the Earth)
what value of rotation along the axis should be set in Orbiter?
0.067°/s in pitch. This mostly cancels out the orbital pitch rate.
 

MaxBuzz

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legal education allowed me to derive the formula
93x60 = 5580
360/5580 = 0,06451612903
 

Kyle

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First, calculate semi-major axis. Then calculate orbital period using Kepler's third law. Convert to seconds. 360 divided by that answer should be your answer for any orbit.
 

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orbital period can be viewed in the SCN editor
6776.jpg
 

MaxBuzz

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unfortunately after a couple of days of simulation, the station loses orientation😐
 

MaxBuzz

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The problem I see is that the orbital period is in practice a variable, as the station is subject to atmospheric drag and tidal forces. So it makes sense that with time, things get less and less accurate.
or Scn Editor trims the value (-0,06456125248) in the input field too many signs
 

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The problem I see is that the orbital period is in practice a variable, as the station is subject to atmospheric drag and tidal forces. So it makes sense that with time, things get less and less accurate.
Correct. As PhantomCruiser said, the real ISS uses rate gyros to compensate.
Take a look at my Better ISS addon for an example of how to implement in Orbiter; source code is included.
 

MaxBuzz

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Correct. As PhantomCruiser said, the real ISS uses rate gyros to compensate.
Take a look at my Better ISS addon for an example of how to implement in Orbiter; source code is included.
approximately once a month the ISS orbit is corrected by the spacecraft "Progress". in 2002 to 2005 CMG were broken. correction by the spacecraft "Progress" has become more frequent
 

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approximately once a month the ISS orbit is corrected by the spacecraft "Progress". in 2002 to 2005 CMG were broken. correction by the spacecraft "Progress" has become more frequent

Orbit and attitude are 2 very different things. The orbit is the "ellipse" the station draws when it revolves around Earth. Attitude is the orientation, or angles relative to a reference point (Apollo used stars). AFAIK Progress is used to "re-boost" the station orbit, that decays mostly because of atmospheric drag, which is a natural and "normal" phenomenon.

CMGs (Control Momentum Gyroscopes) are gyroscopes (electrical motors) that can provide torque, but no thrust.
 

Max-Q

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approximately once a month the ISS orbit is corrected by the spacecraft "Progress". in 2002 to 2005 CMG were broken. correction by the spacecraft "Progress" has become more frequent
There are also thrusters on the russian side that can be used for attitude control instead of the CMGs, but the principal is the same. Something is constantly keeping ISS in the correct attitude.
 
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